Ubuntu is recommended to all types of Linux users, including new beginners. This Debian distribution is based on Linux, which is rock solid and stable always. The prominent flavour of Ubuntu is gnome-desktop. There are also several official desktop flavours for Ubuntu available. It is open source and a free Linux distribution.
Ubuntu is an overall Linux operating system that is mainly used for desktops and servers etc. They will release every new version of their distribution every six months. After three standard versions, they will release a long-term release with security updates for the next three years.
Many Linux distributions are developed based on Ubuntu core components and their repositories. Ubuntu has repositories where thousands of well-tested software and applications are available. For security and high stability, you can choose Ubuntu as your daily driver.
There are many flavours of Ubuntu available in each desktop environment of Linux. They are Kubuntu, Xubuntu, Lubuntu, Ubuntu mate, Ubuntu Budgie, Ubuntu Studio, Ubuntu Kylin. These are the flavours of Ubuntu officially released by them. Other than these flavours, some unofficial remixes and spins are available; they are Ubuntu cinnamon, and Ubuntu DDE (deepin desktop).
Ubuntu has a large community base, where you can find solutions online for your problems. This Linux distribution will give a good user experience and comfort to the new Linux users starting their Linux journey. Now let’s see about their official desktop flavours and remix spins in a detailed manner.
Official Flavours of Ubuntu
The prominent official desktop flavour of Ubuntu is the gnome desktop environment. It is an excellent-looking desktop environment, but their latest release version does not support 32-bit architecture. Gnome edition is a resource eater, which means it uses a lot of ram and other resources. The Hardware with very low configuration and two GB of ram suit this Ubuntu’s gnome desktop environment. You are highly recommended to have a system with high configuration and at least four GB of ram to use this flavour of Ubuntu.
Kubuntu is an official Ubuntu flavour that is built on the KDE desktop environment. It is very highly recommended to users who used Windows before switching to Linux. Kubuntu is very smooth and flexible. It has a lot of customisation options when compared to other ubuntu flavours. This flavour of Ubuntu can even work on low-configuration systems flawlessly without any lags. To use Kubuntu, your system should have at least 2GB of ram. Resource usage is very low while using Kubuntu.
Ubuntu mate comes with a mate desktop environment. Most people use this flavour of Ubuntu among ubuntu users. The mate flavour of Ubuntu can run smoothly in a low-configuration system. This flavour of Ubuntu is highly recommended to new Linux users.
Xubuntu and Lubuntu
Xubuntu is built on the Xfce desktop, and Lubuntu is built on the lxde desktop environment. Both Xubuntu and Lubuntu are very lightweight, but they are not good in looks compared to other ubuntu flavours.
Ubuntu Kylin is an official flavour specially developed for Chinese Linux users. It is an eye-candy ubuntu flavour because it is built on the Kylin desktop environment.
Ubuntu Studio is developed explicitly for studio users with apps like audacity, blender and other studio app pre-installed. Now let’s see about Ubuntu remixes.
The remix of Ubuntu with other flavours is Ubuntu cinnamon and Ubuntu DDE. Both are different desktop environments, such as cinnamon desktop and deepin desktop.
Pros and cons of Ubuntu
They are easy to use, and it is highly recommended to all kind of users. Since it is based on and built using Debian, it always rocks solid with high stability. Every new version of Ubuntu and its flavours are released as their six months schedule. Some flavours of Ubuntu like Ubuntu DDE, gnome edition, and Ubuntu cinnamon require a high configuration system. Other than these flavours, they can be used even on low-end computers.
Their online community is extensive and always active so it can be beneficial for beginners. Since it is a stable Linux distribution, only well-tested software is available in the repositories and their software centre. The latest version of every app will be updated in the repositories and their software centre after long testing.
Manjaro Linux is an excellent alternative to Ubuntu, but it is an Arch-based Linux, whereas Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux. It comes in three flavours such as gnome, KDE and Xfce. Manjaro’s gnome edition can work flawlessly in systems with higher specs, and the other two flavours, such as KDE and Xfce, can run smoothly even in low-configuration systems. It is a bleeding-edge Linux distribution because it is a rolling-release Linux distribution.
Pros and cons of Manjaro
Every new version of each app is pushed as an update after some testing. Manjaro developers claim that they are good instability, but in some cases, the system used to crash during the update. They are very smooth and fast when compared to Ubuntu and its flavours. It gives a better user experience to the user while comparing to Ubuntu. Every flavour in Manjaro Linux looks premium and beautiful.